And the king of Egypt gathered together a great host, like
the sand that lieth upon the sea shore, and many ships, and went
about through deceit to get Alexander's kingdom, and join it to
Whereupon he took his journey into Spain in peaceable manner,
so as they of the cities opened unto him, and met him: for king
Alexander had commanded them so to do, because he was his
brother in law.
Now as Ptolemee entered into the cities, he set in every one
of them a garrison of soldiers to keep it.
And when he came near to Azotus, they shewed him the temple
of Dagon that was burnt, and Azotus and the suburbs thereof that
were destroyed, and the bodies that were cast abroad and them
that he had burnt in the battle; for they had made heaps of them
by the way where he should pass.
Also they told the king whatsoever Jonathan had done, to the
intent he might blame him: but the king held his peace.
Then Jonathan met the king with great pomp at Joppa, where
they saluted one another, and lodged.
Afterward Jonathan, when he had gone with the king to the
river called Eleutherus, returned again to Jerusalem.
King Ptolemee therefore, having gotten the dominion of the
cities by the sea unto Seleucia upon the sea coast, imagined
wicked counsels against Alexander.
Whereupon he sent ambasadors unto king Demetrius, saying,
Come, let us make a league betwixt us, and I will give thee my
daughter whom Alexander hath, and thou shalt reign in thy
For I repent that I gave my daughter unto him, for he sought
to slay me.
Thus did he slander him, because he was desirous of his
Wherefore he took his daughter from him, and gave her to
Demetrius, and forsook Alexander, so that their hatred was
Then Ptolemee entered into Antioch, where he set two crowns
upon his head, the crown of Asia, and of Egypt.
In the mean season was king Alexander in Cilicia, because
those that dwelt in those parts had revolted from him.
But when Alexander heard of this, he came to war against him:
whereupon king Ptolemee brought forth his host, and met him with
a mighty power, and put him to flight.
So Alexander fled into Arabia there to be defended; but king
Ptolemee was exalted:
For Zabdiel the Arabian took off Alexander's head, and sent
it unto Ptolemee.
King Ptolemee also died the third day after, and they that
were in the strong holds were slain one of another.
By this means Demetrius reigned in the hundred threescore and
At the same time Jonathan gathered together them that were in
Judea to take the tower that was in Jerusalem: and he made many
engines of war against it.
Then came ungodly persons, who hated their own people, went
unto the king, and told him that Jonathan besieged the tower,
Whereof when he heard, he was angry, and immediately
removing, he came to Ptolemais, and wrote unto Jonathan, that he
should not lay siege to the tower, but come and speak with him
at Ptolemais in great haste.
Nevertheless Jonathan, when he heard this, commanded to
besiege it still: and he chose certain of the elders of Israel
and the priests, and put himself in peril;
And took silver and gold, and raiment, and divers presents
besides, and went to Ptolemais unto the king, where he found
favour in his sight.
And though certain ungodly men of the people had made
complaints against him,
Yet the king entreated him as his predecessors had done
before, and promoted him in the sight of all his friends,
And confirmed him in the high priesthood, and in all the
honours that he had before, and gave him preeminence among his
Then Jonathan desired the king, that he would make Judea free
from tribute, as also the three governments, with the country of
Samaria; and he promised him three hundred talents.
So the king consented, and wrote letters unto Jonathan of all
these things after this manner:
King Demetrius unto his brother Jonathan, and unto the nation
of the Jews, sendeth greeting:
We send you here a copy of the letter which we did write unto
our cousin Lasthenes concerning you, that ye might see it.
King Demetrius unto his father Lasthenes sendeth greeting:
We are determined to do good to the people of the Jews, who
are our friends, and keep covenants with us, because of their
good will toward us.
Wherefore we have ratified unto them the borders of Judea,
with the three governments of Apherema and Lydda and Ramathem,
that are added unto Judea from the country of Samaria, and all
things appertaining unto them, for all such as do sacrifice in
Jerusalem, instead of the payments which the king received of
them yearly aforetime out of the fruits of the earth and of
And as for other things that belong unto us, of the tithes
and customs pertaining unto us, as also the saltpits, and the
crown taxes, which are due unto us, we discharge them of them
all for their relief.
And nothing hereof shall be revoked from this time forth for
Now therefore see that thou make a copy of these things, and
let it be delivered unto Jonathan, and set upon the holy mount
in a conspicuous place.
After this, when king Demetrius saw that the land was quiet
before him, and that no resistance was made against him, he sent
away all his forces, every one to his own place, except certain
bands of strangers, whom he had gathered from the isles of the
heathen: wherefore all the forces of his fathers hated him.
Moreover there was one Tryphon, that had been of Alexander's
part afore, who, seeing that all the host murmured against
Demetrius, went to Simalcue the Arabian that brought up
Antiochus the young son of Alexander,
And lay sore upon him to deliver him this young Antiochus,
that he might reign in his father's stead: he told him therefore
all that Demetrius had done, and how his men of war were at
enmity with him, and there he remained a long season.
In the mean time Jonathan sent unto king Demetrius, that he
would cast those of the tower out of Jerusalem, and those also
in the fortresses: for they fought against Israel.
So Demetrius sent unto Jonathan, saying, I will not only do
this for thee and thy people, but I will greatly honour thee and
thy nation, if opportunity serve.
Now therefore thou shalt do well, if thou send me men to help
me; for all my forces are gone from me.
Upon this Jonathan sent him three thousand strong men unto
Antioch: and when they came to the king, the king was very glad
of their coming.
Howbeit they that were of the city gathered themselves
together into the midst of the city, to the number of an hundred
and twenty thousand men, and would have slain the king.
Wherefore the king fled into the court, but they of the city
kept the passages of the city, and began to fight.
Then the king called to the Jews for help, who came unto him
all at once, and dispersing themselves through the city slew
that day in the city to the number of an hundred thousand.
Also they set fire on the city, and gat many spoils that day,
and delivered the king.
So when they of the city saw that the Jews had got the city
as they would, their courage was abated: wherefore they made
supplication to the king, and cried, saying,
Grant us peace, and let the Jews cease from assaulting us and
With that they cast away their weapons, and made peace; and
the Jews were honoured in the sight of the king, and in the
sight of all that were in his realm; and they returned to
Jerusalem, having great spoils.
So king Demetrius sat on the throne of his kingdom, and the
land was quiet before him.
Nevertheless he dissembled in all that ever he spake, and
estranged himself from Jonathan, neither rewarded he him
according to the benefits which he had received of him, but
troubled him very sore.
After this returned Tryphon, and with him the young child
Antiochus, who reigned, and was crowned.
Then there gathered unto him all the men of war, whom
Demetrius had put away, and they fought against Demetrius, who
turned his back and fled.
Moreover Tryphon took the elephants, and won Antioch.
At that time young Antiochus wrote unto Jonathan, saying, I
confirm thee in the high priesthood, and appoint thee ruler over
the four governments, and to be one of the king's friends.
Upon this he sent him golden vessels to be served in, and
gave him leave to drink in gold, and to be clothed in purple,
and to wear a golden buckle.
His brother Simon also he made captain from the place called
The ladder of Tyrus unto the borders of Egypt.
Then Jonathan went forth, and passed through the cities
beyond the water, and all the forces of Syria gathered
themselves unto him for to help him: and when he came to
Ascalon, they of the city met him honourably.
From whence he went to Gaza, but they of Gaza shut him out;
wherefore he laid siege unto it, and burned the suburbs thereof
with fire, and spoiled them.
Afterward, when they of Gaza made supplication unto Jonathan,
he made peace with them, and took the sons of their chief men
for hostages, and sent them to Jerusalem, and passed through the
country unto Damascus.
Now when Jonathan heard that Demetrius' princes were come to
Cades, which is in Galilee, with a great power, purposing to
remove him out of the country,
He went to meet them, and left Simon his brother in the
Then Simon encamped against Bethsura and fought against it a
long season, and shut it up:
But they desired to have peace with him, which he granted
them, and then put them out from thence, and took the city, and
set a garrison in it.
As for Jonathan and his host, they pitched at the water of
Gennesar, from whence betimes in the morning they gat them to
the plain of Nasor.
And, behold, the host of strangers met them in the plain,
who, having laid men in ambush for him in the mountains, came
themselves over against him.
So when they that lay in ambush rose out of their places and
joined battle, all that were of Jonathan's side fled;
Insomuch as there was not one of them left, except Mattathias
the son of Absalom, and Judas the son of Calphi, the captains of
Then Jonathan rent his clothes, and cast earth upon his head,
Afterwards turning again to battle, he put them to flight,
and so they ran away.
Now when his own men that were fled saw this, they turned
again unto him, and with him pursued them to Cades, even unto
their own tents, and there they camped.
So there were slain of the heathen that day about three
thousand men: but Jonathan returned to Jerusalem.
Now when Jonathan saw that time served him, he chose certain
men, and sent them to Rome, for to confirm and renew the
friendship that they had with them.
He sent letters also to the Lacedemonians, and to other
places, for the same purpose.
So they went unto Rome, and entered into the senate, and
said, Jonathan the high priest, and the people of the Jews, sent
us unto you, to the end ye should renew the friendship, which ye
had with them, and league, as in former time.
Upon this the Romans gave them letters unto the governors of
every place that they should bring them into the land of Judea
And this is the copy of the letters which Jonathan wrote to
Jonathan the high priest, and the elders of the nation, and
the priests, and the other of the Jews, unto the Lacedemonians
their brethren send greeting:
There were letters sent in times past unto Onias the high
priest from Darius, who reigned then among you, to signify that
ye are our brethren, as the copy here underwritten doth specify.
At which time Onias entreated the ambassador that was sent
honourably, and received the letters, wherein declaration was
made of the league and friendship.
Therefore we also, albeit we need none of these things, that
we have the holy books of scripture in our hands to comfort us,
Have nevertheless attempted to send unto you for the renewing
of brotherhood and friendship, lest we should become strangers
unto you altogether: for there is a long time passed since ye
sent unto us.
We therefore at all times without ceasing, both in our
feasts, and other convenient days, do remember you in the
sacrifices which we offer, and in our prayers, as reason is, and
as it becometh us to think upon our brethren:
And we are right glad of your honour.
As for ourselves, we have had great troubles and wars on
every side, forsomuch as the kings that are round about us have
fought against us.
Howbeit we would not be troublesome unto you, nor to others
of our confederates and friends, in these wars:
For we have help from heaven that succoureth us, so as we are
delivered from our enemies, and our enemies are brought under
For this cause we chose Numenius the son of Antiochus, and
Antipater he son of Jason, and sent them unto the Romans, to
renew the amity that we had with them, and the former league.
We commanded them also to go unto you, and to salute and to
deliver you our letters concerning the renewing of our
Wherefore now ye shall do well to give us an answer thereto.
And this is the copy of the letters which Oniares sent.
Areus king of the Lacedemonians to Onias the high priest,
It is found in writing, that the Lacedemonians and Jews are
brethren, and that they are of the stock of Abraham:
Now therefore, since this is come to our knowledge, ye shall
do well to write unto us of your prosperity.
We do write back again to you, that your cattle and goods are
our's, and our's are your's We do command therefore our
ambassadors to make report unto you on this wise.
Now when Jonathan heard that Demebius' princes were come to
fight against him with a greater host than afore,
He removed from Jerusalem, and met them in the land of
Amathis: for he gave them no respite to enter his country.
He sent spies also unto their tents, who came again, and told
him that they were appointed to come upon them in the night
Wherefore so soon as the sun was down, Jonathan commanded his
men to watch, and to be in arms, that all the night long they
might be ready to fight: also he sent forth centinels round
about the host.
But when the adversaries heard that Jonathan and his men were
ready for battle, they feared, and trembled in their hearts, and
they kindled fires in their camp.
Howbeit Jonathan and his company knew it not till the
morning: for they saw the lights burning.
Then Jonathan pursued after them, but overtook them not: for
they were gone over the river Eleutherus.
Wherefore Jonathan turned to the Arabians, who were called
Zabadeans, and smote them, and took their spoils.
And removing thence, he came to Damascus, and so passed
through all the country,
Simon also went forth, and passed through the country unto
Ascalon, and the holds there adjoining, from whence he turned
aside to Joppa, and won it.
For he had heard that they would deliver the hold unto them
that took Demetrius' part; wherefore he set a garrison there to
After this came Jonathan home again, and calling the elders
of the people together, he consulted with them about building
strong holds in Judea,
And making the walls of Jerusalem higher, and raising a great
mount between the tower and the city, for to separate it from
the city, that so it might be alone, that men might neither sell
nor buy in it.
Upon this they came together to build up the city, forasmuch
as part of the wall toward the brook on the east side was fallen
down, and they repaired that which was called Caphenatha.
Simon also set up Adida in Sephela, and made it strong with
gates and bars.
Now Tryphon went about to get the kingdom of Asia, and to
kill Antiochus the king, that he might set the crown upon his
Howbeit he was afraid that Jonathan would not suffer him, and
that he would fight against him; wherefore he sought a way how
to take Jonathan, that he might kill him. So he removed, and
came to Bethsan.
Then Jonathan went out to meet him with forty thousand men
chosen for the battle, and came to Bethsan.
Now when Tryphon saw Jonathan came with so great a force, he
durst not stretch his hand against him;
But received him honourably, and commended him unto all his
friends, and gave him gifts, and commanded his men of war to be
as obedient unto him, as to himself.
Unto Jonathan also he said, Why hast thou brought all this
people to so great trouble, seeing there is no war betwixt us?
Therefore send them now home again, and choose a few men to
wait on thee, and come thou with me to Ptolemais, for I will
give it thee, and the rest of the strong holds and forces, and
all that have any charge: as for me, I will return and depart:
for this is the cause of my coming.
So Jonathan believing him did as he bade him, and sent away
his host, who went into the land of Judea.
And with himself he retained but three thousand men, of whom
he sent two thousand into Galilee, and one thousand went with
Now as soon as Jonathan entered into Ptolemais, they of
Ptolemais shut the gates and took him, and all them that came
with him they slew with the sword.
Then sent Tryphon an host of footmen and horsemen into
Galilee, and into the great plain, to destroy all Jonathan's
But when they knew that Jonathan and they that were with him
were taken and slain, they encouraged one another; and went
close together, prepared to fight.
They therefore that followed upon them, perceiving that they
were ready to fight for their lives, turned back again.
Whereupon they all came into the land of Judea peaceably, and
there they bewailed Jonathan, and them that were with him, and
they were sore afraid; wherefore all Israel made great
Then all the heathen that were round about then sought to
destroy them: for said they, They have no captain, nor any to
help them: now therefore let us make war upon them, and take
away their memorial from among men.
Now when Simon heard that Tryphon had gathered together a
great host to invade the land of Judea, and destroy it,
And saw that the people was in great trembling and fear, he
went up to Jerusalem, and gathered the people together,
And gave them exhortation, saying, Ye yourselves know what
great things I, and my brethren, and my father's house, have
done for the laws and the sanctuary, the battles also and
troubles which we have seen.
By reason whereof all my brethren are slain for Israel's
sake, and I am left alone.
Now therefore be it far from me, that I should spare mine own
life in any time of trouble: for I am no better than my
Doubtless I will avenge my nation, and the sanctuary, and our
wives, and our children: for all the heathen are gathered to
destroy us of very malice.
Now as soon as the people heard these words, their spirit
And they answered with a loud voice, saying, Thou shalt be
our leader instead of Judas and Jonathan thy brother.
Fight thou our battles, and whatsoever, thou commandest us,
that will we do.
So then he gathered together all the men of war, and made
haste to finish the walls of Jerusalem, and he fortified it
Also he sent Jonathan the son of Absolom, and with him a
great power, to Joppa: who casting out them that were therein
remained there in it.
So Tryphon removed from Ptolemaus with a great power to
invade the land of Judea, and Jonathan was with him in ward.
But Simon pitched his tents at Adida, over against the plain.
Now when Tryphon knew that Simon was risen up instead of his
brother Jonathan, and meant to join battle with him, he sent
messengers unto him, saying,
Whereas we have Jonathan thy brother in hold, it is for money
that he is owing unto the king's treasure, concerning the
business that was committed unto him.
Wherefore now send an hundred talents of silver, and two of
his sons for hostages, that when he is at liberty he may not
revolt from us, and we will let him go.
Hereupon Simon, albeit he perceived that they spake
deceitfully unto him yet sent he the money and the children,
lest peradventure he should procure to himself great hatred of
Who might have said, Because I sent him not the money and the
children, therefore is Jonathan dead.
So he sent them the children and the hundred talents: howbeit
Tryphon dissembled neither would he let Jonathan go.
And after this came Tryphon to invade the land, and destroy
it, going round about by the way that leadeth unto Adora: but
Simon and his host marched against him in every place,
wheresoever he went.
Now they that were in the tower sent messengers unto Tryphon,
to the end that he should hasten his coming unto them by the
wilderness, and send them victuals.
Wherefore Tryphon made ready all his horsemen to come that
night: but there fell a very great snow, by reason whereof he
came not. So he departed, and came into the country of Galaad.
And when he came near to Bascama he slew Jonathan, who was
Afterward Tryphon returned and went into his own land.
Then sent Simon, and took the bones of Jonathan his brother,
and buried them in Modin, the city of his fathers.
And all Israel made great lamentation for him, and bewailed
him many days.
Simon also built a monument upon the sepulchre of his father
and his brethren, and raised it aloft to the sight, with hewn
stone behind and before.
Moreover he set up seven pyramids, one against another, for
his father, and his mother, and his four brethren.
And in these he made cunning devices, about the which he set
great pillars, and upon the pillars he made all their armour for
a perpetual memory, and by the armour ships carved, that they
might be seen of all that sail on the sea.
This is the sepulchre which he made at Modin, and it standeth
yet unto this day.
Now Tryphon dealt deceitfully with the young king Antiochus,
and slew him.
And he reigned in his stead, and crowned himself king of
Asia, and brought a great calamity upon the land.
Then Simon built up the strong holds in Judea, and fenced
them about with high towers, and great walls, and gates, and
bars, and laid up victuals therein.
Moreover Simon chose men, and sent to king Demetrius, to the
end he should give the land an immunity, because all that
Tryphon did was to spoil.
Unto whom king Demetrius answered and wrote after this
King Demetrius unto Simon the high priest, and friend of
kings, as also unto the elders and nation of the Jews, sendeth
The golden crown, and the scarlet robe, which ye sent unto
us, we have received: and we are ready to make a stedfast peace
with you, yea, and to write unto our officers, to confirm the
immunities which we have granted.
And whatsoever covenants we have made with you shall stand;
and the strong holds, which ye have builded, shall be your own.
As for any oversight or fault committed unto this day, we
forgive it, and the crown tax also, which ye owe us: and if
there were any other tribute paid in Jerusalem, it shall no more
And look who are meet among you to be in our court, let then
be enrolled, and let there be peace betwixt us.
Thus the yoke of the heathen was taken away from Israel in
the hundred and seventieth year.
Then the people of Israel began to write in their instruments
and contracts, In the first year of Simon the high priest, the
governor and leader of the Jews.
In those days Simon camped against Gaza and besieged it round
about; he made also an engine of war, and set it by the city,
and battered a certain tower, and took it.
And they that were in the engine leaped into the city;
whereupon there was a great uproar in the city:
Insomuch as the people of the city rent their clothes, and
climbed upon the walls with their wives and children, and cried
with a loud voice, beseeching Simon to grant them peace.
And they said, Deal not with us according to our wickedness,
but according to thy mercy.
So Simon was appeased toward them, and fought no more against
them, but put them out of the city, and cleansed the houses
wherein the idols were, and so entered into it with songs and
Yea, he put all uncleanness out of it, and placed such men
there as would keep the law, and made it stronger than it was
before, and built therein a dwellingplace for himself.
They also of the tower in Jerusalem were kept so strait, that
they could neither come forth, nor go into the country, nor buy,
nor sell: wherefore they were in great distress for want of
victuals, and a great number of them perished through famine.
Then cried they to Simon, beseeching him to be at one with
them: which thing he granted them; and when he had put them out
from thence, he cleansed the tower from pollutions:
And entered into it the three and twentieth day of the second
month in the hundred seventy and first year, with thanksgiving,
and branches of palm trees, and with harps, and cymbals, and
with viols, and hymns, and songs: because there was destroyed a
great enemy out of Israel.
He ordained also that that day should be kept every year with
gladness. Moreover the hill of the temple that was by the tower
he made stronger than it was, and there he dwelt himself with
And when Simon saw that John his son was a valiant man, he
made him captain of all the hosts; and he dwelt in Gazera.
Now in the hundred threescore and twelfth year king Demetrius
gathered his forces together, and went into Media to get him
help to fight against Tryphone.
But when Arsaces, the king of Persia and Media, heard that
Demetrius was entered within his borders, he sent one of his
princes to take him alive:
Who went and smote the host of Demetrius, and took him, and
brought him to Arsaces, by whom he was put in ward.
As for the land of Judea, that was quiet all the days of
Simon; for he sought the good of his nation in such wise, as
that evermore his authority and honour pleased them well.
And as he was honourable in all his acts, so in this, that he
took Joppa for an haven, and made an entrance to the isles of
And enlarged the bounds of his nation, and recovered the
And gathered together a great number of captives, and had the
dominion of Gazera, and Bethsura, and the tower, out of the
which he took all uncleaness, neither was there any that
Then did they till their ground in peace, and the earth gave
her increase, and the trees of the field their fruit.
The ancient men sat all in the streets, communing together of
good things, and the young men put on glorious and warlike
He provided victuals for the cities, and set in them all
manner of munition, so that his honourable name was renowned
unto the end of the world.
He made peace in the land, and Israel rejoiced with great
For every man sat under his vine and his fig tree, and there
was none to fray them:
Neither was there any left in the land to fight against them:
yea, the kings themselves were overthrown in those days.
Moreover he strengthened all those of his people that were
brought low: the law he searched out; and every contemner of the
law and wicked person he took away.
He beautified the sanctuary, and multiplied vessels of the
Now when it was heard at Rome, and as far as Sparta, that
Jonathan was dead, they were very sorry.
But as soon as they heard that his brother Simon was made
high priest in his stead, and ruled the country, and the cities
They wrote unto him in tables of brass, to renew the
friendship and league which they had made with Judas and
Jonathan his brethren:
Which writings were read before the congregation at
And this is the copy of the letters that the Lacedemonians
sent; The rulers of the Lacedemonians, with the city, unto Simon
the high priest, and the elders, and priests, and residue of the
people of the Jews, our brethren, send greeting:
The ambassadors that were sent unto our people certified us
of your glory and honour: wherefore we were glad of their
And did register the things that they spake in the council of
the people in this manner; Numenius son of Antiochus, and
Antipater son of Jason, the Jews' ambassadors, came unto us to
renew the friendship they had with us.
And it pleased the people to entertain the men honourably,
and to put the copy of their ambassage in publick records, to
the end the people of the Lacedemonians might have a memorial
thereof: furthermore we have written a copy thereof unto Simon
the high priest.
After this Simon sent Numenius to Rome with a great shield of
gold of a thousand pound weight to confirm the league with them.
Whereof when the people heard, they said, What thanks shall
we give to Simon and his sons?
For he and his brethren and the house of his father have
established Israel, and chased away in fight their enemies from
them, and confirmed their liberty.
So then they wrote it in tables of brass, which they set upon
pillars in mount Sion: and this is the copy of the writing; The
eighteenth day of the month Elul, in the hundred threescore and
twelfth year, being the third year of Simon the high priest,
At Saramel in the great congregation of the priests, and
people, and rulers of the nation, and elders of the country,
were these things notified unto us.
Forasmuch as oftentimes there have been wars in the country,
wherein for the maintenance of their sanctuary, and the law,
Simon the son of Mattathias, of the posterity of Jarib, together
with his brethren, put themselves in jeopardy, and resisting the
enemies of their nation did their nation great honour:
(For after that Jonathan, having gathered his nation
together, and been their high priest, was added to his people,
Their enemies prepared to invade their country, that they
might destroy it, and lay hands on the sanctuary:
At which time Simon rose up, and fought for his nation, and
spent much of his own substance, and armed the valiant men of
his nation and gave them wages,
And fortified the cities of Judea, together with Bethsura,
that lieth upon the borders of Judea, where the armour of the
enemies had been before; but he set a garrison of Jews there:
Moreover he fortified Joppa, which lieth upon the sea, and
Gazera, that bordereth upon Azotus, where the enemies had dwelt
before: but he placed Jews there, and furnished them with all
things convenient for the reparation thereof.)
The people therefore sang the acts of Simon, and unto what
glory he thought to bring his nation, made him their governor
and chief priest, because he had done all these things, and for
the justice and faith which he kept to his nation, and for that
he sought by all means to exalt his people.
For in his time things prospered in his hands, so that the
heathen were taken out of their country, and they also that were
in the city of David in Jerusalem, who had made themselves a
tower, out of which they issued, and polluted all about the
sanctuary, and did much hurt in the holy place:
But he placed Jews therein. and fortified it for the safety
of the country and the city, and raised up the walls of
King Demetrius also confirmed him in the high priesthood
according to those things,
And made him one of his friends, and honoured him with great
For he had heard say, that the Romans had called the Jews
their friends and confederates and brethren; and that they had
entertained the ambassadors of Simon honourably;
Also that the Jews and priests were well pleased that Simon
should be their governor and high priest for ever, until there
should arise a faithful prophet;
Moreover that he should be their captain, and should take
charge of the sanctuary, to set them over their works, and over
the country, and over the armour, and over the fortresses, that,
I say, he should take charge of the sanctuary;
Beside this, that he should be obeyed of every man, and that
all the writings in the country should be made in his name, and
that he should be clothed in purple, and wear gold:
Also that it should be lawful for none of the people or
priests to break any of these things, or to gainsay his words,
or to gather an assembly in the country without him, or to be
clothed in purple, or wear a buckle of gold;
And whosoever should do otherwise, or break any of these
things, he should be punished.
Thus it liked all the people to deal with Simon, and to do as
hath been said.
Then Simon accepted hereof, and was well pleased to be high
priest, and captain and governor of the Jews and priests, and to
defend them all.
So they commanded that this writing should be put in tables
of brass, and that they should be set up within the compass of
the sanctuary in a conspicuous place;
Also that the copies thereof should be laid up in the
treasury, to the end that Simon and his sons might have them.
Moreover Antiochus son of Demetrius the king sent letters
from the isles of the sea unto Simon the priest and prince of
the Jews, and to all the people;
The contents whereof were these: King Antiochus to Simon the
high priest and prince of his nation, and to the people of the
Forasmuch as certain pestilent men have usurped the kingdom
of our fathers, and my purpose is to challenge it again, that I
may restore it to the old estate, and to that end have gathered
a multitude of foreign soldiers together, and prepared ships of
My meaning also being to go through the country, that I may
be avenged of them that have destroyed it, and made many cities
in the kingdom desolate:
Now therefore I confirm unto thee all the oblations which the
kings before me granted thee, and whatsoever gifts besides they
I give thee leave also to coin money for thy country with
thine own stamp.
And as concerning Jerusalem and the sanctuary, let them be
free; and all the armour that thou hast made, and fortresses
that thou hast built, and keepest in thine hands, let them
remain unto thee.
And if anything be, or shall be, owing to the king, let it be
forgiven thee from this time forth for evermore.
Furthermore, when we have obtained our kingdom, we will
honour thee, and thy nation, and thy temple, with great honour,
so that your honour shall be known throughout the world.
In the hundred threescore and fourteenth year went Antiochus
into the land of his fathers: at which time all the forces came
together unto him, so that few were left with Tryphon.
Wherefore being pursued by king Antiochus, he fled unto Dora,
which lieth by the sea side:
For he saw that troubles came upon him all at once, and that
his forces had forsaken him.
Then camped Antiochus against Dora, having with him an
hundred and twenty thousand men of war, and eight thousand
And when he had compassed the city round about, and joined
ships close to the town on the sea side, he vexed the city by
land and by sea, neither suffered he any to go out or in.
In the mean season came Numenius and his company from Rome,
having letters to the kings and countries; wherein were written
Lucius, consul of the Romans unto king Ptolemee, greeting:
The Jews' ambassadors, our friends and confederates, came
unto us to renew the old friendship and league, being sent from
Simon the high priest, and from the people of the Jews:
And they brought a shield of gold of a thousand pound.
We thought it good therefore to write unto the kings and
countries, that they should do them no harm, nor fight against
them, their cities, or countries, nor yet aid their enemies
It seemed also good to us to receive the shield of them.
If therefore there be any pestilent fellows, that have fled
from their country unto you, deliver them unto Simon the high
priest, that he may punish them according to their own law.
The same things wrote he likewise unto Demetrius the king,
and Attalus, to Ariarathes, and Arsaces,
And to all the countries and to Sampsames, and the
Lacedemonians, and to Delus, and Myndus, and Sicyon, and Caria,
and Samos, and Pamphylia, and Lycia, and Halicarnassus, and
Rhodus, and Aradus, and Cos, and Side, and Aradus, and Gortyna,
and Cnidus, and Cyprus, and Cyrene.
And the copy hereof they wrote to Simon the high priest.
So Antiochus the king camped against Dora the second day,
assaulting it continually, and making engines, by which means he
shut up Tryphon, that he could neither go out nor in.
At that time Simon sent him two thousand chosen men to aid
him; silver also, and gold, and much armour.
Nevertheless he would not receive them, but brake all the
covenants which he had made with him afore, and became strange
Furthermore he sent unto him Athenobius, one of his friends,
to commune with him, and say, Ye withhold Joppa and Gazera; with
the tower that is in Jerusalem, which are cities of my realm.
The borders thereof ye have wasted, and done great hurt in
the land, and got the dominion of many places within my kingdom.
Now therefore deliver the cities which ye have taken, and the
tributes of the places, whereof ye have gotten dominion without
the borders of Judea:
Or else give me for them five hundred talents of silver; and
for the harm that ye have done, and the tributes of the cities,
other five hundred talents: if not, we will come and fight
So Athenobius the king's friend came to Jerusalem: and when
he saw the glory of Simon, and the cupboard of gold and silver
plate, and his great attendance, he was astonished, and told him
the king's message.
Then answered Simon, and said unto him, We have neither taken
other men's land, nor holden that which appertaineth to others,
but the inheritance of our fathers, which our enemies had
wrongfully in possession a certain time.
Wherefore we, having opportunity, hold the inheritance of our
And whereas thou demandest Joppa and Gazera, albeit they did
great harm unto the people in our country, yet will we give thee
an hundred talents for them. Hereunto Athenobius answered him
not a word;
But returned in a rage to the king, and made report unto him
of these speeches, and of the glory of Simon, and of all that he
had seen: whereupon the king was exceeding wroth.
In the mean time fled Tryphon by ship unto Orthosias.
Then the king made Cendebeus captain of the sea coast, and
gave him an host of footmen and horsemen,
And commanded him to remove his host toward Judea; also he
commanded him to build up Cedron, and to fortify the gates, and
to war against the people; but as for the king himself, he
So Cendebeus came to Jamnia and began to provoke the people
and to invade Judea, and to take the people prisoners, and slay
And when he had built up Cedrou, he set horsemen there, and
an host of footmen, to the end that issuing out they might make
outroads upon the ways of Judea, as the king had commanded him.
Then came up John from Gazera, and told Simon his father what
Cendebeus had done.
Wherefore Simon called his two eldest sons, Judas and John,
and said unto them, I, and my brethren, and my father's house,
have ever from my youth unto this day fought against the enemies
of Israel; and things have prospered so well in our hands, that
we have delivered Israel oftentimes.
But now I am old, and ye, by God's mercy, are of a sufficient
age: be ye instead of me and my brother, and go and fight for
our nation, and the help from heaven be with you.
So he chose out of the country twenty thousand men of war
with horsemen, who went out against Cendebeus, and rested that
night at Modin.
And when as they rose in the morning, and went into the
plain, behold, a mighty great host both of footmen and horsemen
came against them: howbeit there was a water brook betwixt them.
So he and his people pitched over against them: and when he
saw that the people were afraid to go over the water brook, he
went first over himself, and then the men seeing him passed
through after him.
That done, he divided his men, and set the horsemen in the
midst of the footmen: for the enemies' horsemen were very many.
Then sounded they with the holy trumpets: whereupon Cendebeus
and his host were put to flight, so that many of them were
slain, and the remnant gat them to the strong hold.
At that time was Judas John's brother wounded; but John still
followed after them, until he came to Cedron, which Cendebeus
So they fled even unto the towers in the fields of Azotus;
wherefore he burned it with fire: so that there were slain of
them about two thousand men. Afterward he returned into the land
of Judea in peace.
Moreover in the plain of Jericho was Ptolemeus the son of
Abubus made captain, and he had abundance of silver and gold:
For he was the high priest's son in law.
Wherefore his heart being lifted up, he thought to get the
country to himself, and thereupon consulted deceitfully against
Simon and his sons to destroy them.
Now Simon was visiting the cities that were in the country,
and taking care for the good ordering of them; at which time he
came down himself to Jericho with his sons, Mattathias and
Judas, in the hundred threescore and seventeenth year, in the
eleventh month, called Sabat:
Where the son of Abubus receiving them deceitfully into a
little hold, called Docus, which he had built, made them a great
banquet: howbeit he had hid men there.
So when Simon and his sons had drunk largely, Ptolemee and
his men rose up, and took their weapons, and came upon Simon
into the banqueting place, and slew him, and his two sons, and
certain of his servants.
In which doing he committed a great treachery, and
recompensed evil for good.
Then Ptolemee wrote these things, and sent to the king, that
he should send him an host to aid him, and he would deliver him
the country and cities.
He sent others also to Gazera to kill John: and unto the
tribunes he sent letters to come unto him, that he might give
them silver, and gold, and rewards.
And others he sent to take Jerusalem, and the mountain of the
Now one had run afore to Gazera and told John that his father
and brethren were slain, and, quoth he, Ptolemee hath sent to
slay thee also.
Hereof when he heard, he was sore astonished: so he laid
hands on them that were come to destroy him, and slew them; for
he knew that they sought to make him away.
As concerning the rest of the acts of John, and his wars, and
worthy deeds which he did, and the building of the walls which
he made, and his doings,
Behold, these are written in the chronicles of his
priesthood, from the time he was made high priest after his